Social Sciences Heuristics, If Any
For the first four and the general context regarding heuristics, i.e. ways to come up with ideas and appropriate theories and methods, see Andrew Abbott (2004: 80-109), but there are many more:
Aristotle’s causalities (Physics 195a): material, formal, effective, and final.
Kant’s categories (KrV, B105): quantity (unity, plurality, totality), quality (reality, negation, limitation), relation (substance/accidents, causality/dependence, reciprocity), and modality (possibility/impossibility, existence/nonexistence, necessity/contingency).
Kenneth Burke’s (1945) five keys of dramatism: act, scene, agent, agency, and purpose.
Charles Morris’ (1938) three aspects of symbolic systems: syntactic, semantic, and pragmatic.
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